CSA Z1000-06

Since 2006 Canada has had a CSA Standard for health and safety call the – Occupational Health and Safety Management System Standard CSA Z1000-6. This standard establishes the basic criteria for the development, implementation and maintenance of a Health and Safety Management System.

The criteria are outlined in the following areas:

  • Commitment, Leadership and Participation
  • Planning
  • Implementation
  • Evaluation and Corrective Action
  • Management Review and Continual Improvement

The CSA Z1000-06 Standard:

  • Provides a tool to help organizations improve their occupational health and safety performance.
  • Provides motivation for Canadian organizations to implement an OHS management system that meets the requirements of a recognized standard.
  • Forms a framework through which all Canadian OHS standards can be appropriately applied.
  • Provides criteria to facilitate the improvement of organization’s OHS performance.
  • Establishes basic requirements for an effective occupational health and safety management system, including management system documentation.
  • Is designed for use by organizations of all types and sizes.
  • Is harmonized with existing standards to facilitate acceptance and use.

The Standard is also:

  • A tool for achieving high standards of health, safety and well-being in the workplace
  • Applicable to large, medium or small enterprises
  • Comprehensive in scope
  • Effective in practice
  • Performance based
  • Balanced approach between hazard and risk based prevention and control
  • Based on management commitment and worker participation
  • Identifying and defining roles, responsibilities and accountabilities
  • Consistent with other management system standards

Commitment, Leadership and Participation

This section addresses:

  • Senior management leadership and responsibility
  • Designation of a representative of management
  • Worker participation
  • Occupational Health and Safety Policy


This section addresses:

  • Identification and prioritization of hazards, risks, organizational requirements and opportunities for improvement in order to set objectives and targets
  • Review existing OHSMS or information necessary for establishing an OHSMS
  • Identification and evaluation of compliance with legal and other requirements
  • The development of a process to identify and assess hazards and risks
  • Establishing OHS objectives and targets


This section addresses:

  • Preventive and protective measures using the hierarchy of controls: elimination, substitution, engineering controls, awareness means, administrative controls, PPE
  • Emergency prevention, preparedness, and response – procedures to prevent, prepare for and respond
  • Competence and training – define competency, ensure workers are competent and aware of requirements
  • Communication and awareness – procedures to communicate information, report injuries, illnesses, incidents, hazards and risks, respond to worker and external communications
  • Procurement of materials and contractors – a process to evaluate materials and eliminate or control associated hazards and risks and procedures to evaluate contractors, hazards and risks to the organization’s workers from contractors and vice versa.
  • Management of change – procedures to identify, assess and eliminate or control OHS hazards and risks from new processes or significant changes
  • Creating and maintain documents and records specified by your OHSMS

Evaluation and Corrective Action

This section addresses:

  • Evaluation of the OHSMS performance
  • Corrective action
  • Follow-up and assessment of corrective action effectiveness
  • Feedback for planning and management review

Management Review and Continual Improvement

This section addresses:

  • Monitoring and measurement – procedures to monitor, measure and record OHS performance and the effectiveness of the OHSMS
  • Injury & incident investigation – procedures for reporting and investigation of injuries, illnesses and OHS incidents including root cause analysis; feedback; and, continuous improvement
  • Internal Auditing – establish and maintain an internal audit program
  • Preventive and corrective action – establish and maintain preventive and corrective action procedures to address non-conformances, existing and new hazards and track their effective implementation
  • Management review meetings conducted by senior management to determine the suitability, adequacy and effectiveness of the OHSMS
  • Continual improvement Management reviews that include an assessment for continual improvement opportunities.
  • Review Inputs – audit results, feedback from workers, reports on extent to which objectives/targets have been met, status of corrective actions, etc.
  • Review Outputs – decisions regarding improvements to the OHSMS, allocation of resources, etc.

The development and implementation of an OHSM that complies with the requirements of CSA Z1000-06 is a significant project that must be undertaken by the whole organization with full management support. Some of the steps related to the success of the project include:

  • Increase understanding of CSA Z1000-06
  • Senior Management Support and Commitment
  • Establish a project coordinator
  • Integrate OHSMS into corporate goals and objectives
  • Conduct a Management System Gap Analysis
  • Create a Management System Implementation Action Plan
  • Carry out all the implementation requirements
  • Conduct an Internal Audit
  • Self declaration/External Registration (Optional)
  • Continual Improvement